Colorectal cancer is the one that originates in the colon or rectum. These cancers may also be called colon cancer or rectal cancer.
He risk of colorectal cancer in the course of life is approximately 1 in 23 (4.4%) for men and 1 in 25 (4.1%) for women, according to data from the American Cancer Society.
There is no one way to prevent colorectal cancer. However, the organization notes that steps can be taken to help reduce your risk. Food is a very important factor as well as physical activity.
Limit red and processed meats
Red meat (beef, pork and lamb) or processed meats (such as cold cuts and sausages) raise the risk of colon cancer.
A meta-analysis of 29 studies on meat consumption and colon cancer concluded that a high consumption of red meat increases risk by 28% and a high consumption of processed meat increases the risk by 20%.
Eat foods rich in fiber
Fiber helps move food through the digestive system faster, which limits how long potential carcinogens remain in the intestines. Fiber can also have properties anti-inflammatory.
Studies suggest that high-fiber cereals and whole grains followed by high-fiber vegetables and then fruits have the greatest impact on survival of colon cancer patients.
Most of us consume less than half the recommended amount of fiber per day. Experts suggest that men eat about 38 grams of fiber a day and women about 25 grams, according to National Institutes of Health.
Alcohol consumption has been linked to increased risk of colon and rectal cancer. The evidence for this is generally stronger in men than women, but studies have found the link in both genders, notes the Amercan Cancer Society.
Smoking is not only a cause of lung cancer too increases the risk of other types of cancer. People who have smoked tobacco for a long time have more likely than nonsmokers to develop and die from colorectal cancer.
A diet that limit red and processed meats, and instead have a diet with a high intake of fiber, fruits and vegetables it may help lower the risk of colon and rectal cancer.
At age 45 or older, colorectal cancer screening is recommended. People at higher risk, with a family history of colorectal cancer, may start screening at an earlier age.
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